IDDE Knowledge Bank



This is a compilation of IDDE and IDDE-related scientific literature and is the most comprehensive assemblage available to date (to my knowledge anyway). Presented here are only those items readily available on the internet; in some cases, only the abstract is available for free.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Environmental and Water Resources Institute.(2014). Pathogens in Urban Stormwater Systems. Prepared by the Urban Water Resources Research Council’s Pathogens in Wet Weather Flows Technical Committee.

Bender, Paul, Randel Dymond and Marcus Aguilar.  2017.  Development of Effective Procedures for Illicit-Discharge Risk Mapping.  Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

Brown, E., D. Caraco, and R. Pitt. 2004. Illicit discharge detection and elimination: A guidance manual for program development and technical assessments. Prepared by the Center for Water­shed Protection and University of Alabama.EPA X-82907801-0. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Wastewater Management.

Center for Watershed Protection. 2012. Pollution detection and elimination in Sligo Creek: Field findings supplemental. Ellicott City, MD: Center for Watershed Protection.

City of Federal Way Public Works Department. 2009. Residential Car Washwater Monitoring Study. City of Federal Way, WA.

City of Laguna Beach.Laguna Beach Storm Drain Pollution Control Project. City of Laguna Beach, CA.

City of San Diego. 2010. San Diego River Source Tracking Investigation Phase II. City of San Diego Storm Water Department, San Diego, CA.

Divers, M., E. Elliott and D. Bain. 2013. Constraining Nitrogen Inputs to Urban Streams from Leaking Sewers Using Inverse Modeling: Implications for Dissolved Inorganic Nitrogen (DIN) Retention in Urban Environments. Environmental Science & Technology.47: 1816-1823.

Dorfman, M., and K. Sinclair Rosselot. 2011. Testing the waters: A guide to water quality at vacation beaches. Washington, DC: Natural Resources Defense Council.

Duke, L. D., and Kihara, M. M. 1998.Water Quality Concerns and Regulatory Controls for Nonstorm Water Discharges to Storm Drains.JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 34(3), 661-676.

Ellis, J.B. 2011.Sewer performance inflow, infiltration and exfiltration.Urban Pollution Research Centre. London, UK.

Ellis, B., D. Revitt, J. Vollertsen and D. Blackwood. 2008. Factors influencing temporal exfiltration rates in sewer systems. 11th International conference on urban drainage, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Ellis, J. B., Revitt, D. M., Blackwood, D. J., and Gilmour, D. J. 2004. Leaky sewers: assessing the hydrology and impact of exfiltration in urban sewers. 266-271.

Fenz, R., A. Blaschke M. Clara, D. Mascher and M. Zesser. 2005. Quantification of sewer exfiltration using the anti-epileptic drug carbamazepine as a marker species for wastewater. Water Science and Technology. 52(9):209.

Finlay, J. and S. Hobbie. 2013. Influence of storm drain baseflow to nutrient loading, University of Minnesota Stormwater Research Updates. 8(6).

Griffith, John F., Blythe A. Layton, Alexandria B. Boehm, Patricia A. Holden, Jennifer A. Jay, Charles Hagedom, Charles D. McGee, Stephen B. Welsberg. 2013. The California Microbial Source Identification: A Tiered Approach to Identifying Fecal Pollution Sources to Beaches. Southern California Coastal Water Research Project. Costa Mesa, CA.

Holden, P., B. Sercu, L. Van De Werfhorst, J. Golman, E. Dubinsky and G. Anderson. 2011. Final Report: Source tracking protocol development project. Submitted to City of Santa Barbara, CA.

Hyer, K. 2007. A multiple-tracer approach for identifying sewage sources to an urban stream system: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006–5317.

Irvine, K., Rossi, M. C., Vermette, S., Bakert, J., and Kleinfelder, K. 2011. Illicit discharge detection and elimination: Low cost options for source identification and trackdown in stormwater systems. Urban Water Journal, 8(6), 379-395.

Jewell, C. 2001. A Systematic Methodology for the Identification and Remediation of Illegal Connections.Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2001(2), 669-683.

Karri, V. R. 2003. Source Quantification of Inappropriate Discharges to Storm Drainage Systems (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Alabama TUSCALOOSA).

Kaushal, S. S., Lewis Jr, W. M., and McCutchan Jr, J. H. 2006. Land use change and nitrogen enrichment of a Rocky Mountain watershed. Ecological Applications, 16(1), 299-312.

Kaushal, S., P. Groffman, L. Band, E. Elliott, C. Shields, and C. Kendall. 2011. Tracking Nonpoint Source Nitrogen Pollution in Human-Impacted Watersheds.Environmental Science & Technology.45(19): 8225-8232.

King County – University of Alberta. 2014. Mobile Water Kit: Pilot Field Test for Detecting Bacteria Rapidly in Stormwater& Surface Water. King County Dept. of Natural Resources and Parks, Seattle, WA.

Lalor, M., Pitt, R., and Royer, M. D. 1998. Assessment Strategy for Evaluating the Environmental and Health Effects of Sanitary Sewer Overflows from Separate Sewer Systems. Rep. No.EPA/600/X-98/XXX, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Lerner, D. N., Yang, Y., Barrett, M. H., and Tellam, J. H. 1999.Loadings of non-agricultural nitrogen in urban groundwater.IAHS PUBLICATION, 117-124.

Lilly, L., B. Stack and D. Caraco. 2012. Pollution loading from illicit sewage discharges in two Mid-Atlantic subwatersheds and implications for nutrient and bacteria total maximum daily loads. Watershed Science Bulletin (3) 1: 7-17.

Lilly, L., N. Law, A. Torella, D. McCann and P. Parker. 2014. Pollutant analysis of HVAC discharges in Montgomery County, MD. Watershed Science Technical Bulletin.Center for Watershed Protection.

Lilly, L., and P. Sturm. 2010. Technical memorandum: Illicit discharge monitoring in Baltimore watersheds. Ellicott City, MD: Center for Watershed Protection.

Litke, D. 1999. Review of phosphorus control measures in the United States and their effects on water quality. USGS Water Resources Investigation Report.99-4007.

Maine Healthy Beaches Program. 2010. Municipal Guide to Clean Water: Conducting Sanitary Surveys to Improve Coastal Water Quality. Maine Healthy Beaches Program, Waldoboro, ME.

McLaughlin, M. T., McCormack, K. D., Kuhn, M. S., and Higuchi, R. P. 2002.Sleuthing illicit connections in the Village of Romeo storm sewer.Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2002(17), 566-574.

McPherson, T., S. Burian, M. Stenstrom, H. Turin, N. Brown and I. Suffet. 2005. Dry and wet weather flow nutrient loads from a Los Angeles watershed. Journal of American Water Resources Association. 41(4): 959-969.

Murray, J., Reynolds, S., Holden, P., and Van De Werfhorst, L. 2011.Canine Scent and Microbial Source Tracking in Santa Barbara, California.Water Intelligence Online, 10.

Orange County Sanitation District (OCSD). 2005. Status Report on the Development of a Reporting Methodology for Subsurface Discharges of Sewage. Brown & Caldwell, 400 Exchange, Suite 100, Irvine, California, US.

Pennington. S. R., M. D. Kaplowitz, and S. G. Witter. 2003. Reexamining best management practices for improving water quality in urban watersheds. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 39(5): 1027–1041.

Pitt, R., Field, R., Lalor, M., Adrian, D. D., and Barbé, D. 1993. Project summary—Investigation of inappropriate pollutant entries into storm drainage systems: A user’s guide. Rep. No. EPA/600/SR-92/238, US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Storm and Combined Sewer Pollution Control Program, Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory, Cincinnati.

Pitt, R. E. 2000. Water Quality Conditions in the Cahaba River and Likely Pollutant Sources.

Pitt, R., and Rittenhouse, B. 2001.Methods for detection of inappropriate discharges to storm drainage systems.Background literature and summary of findings,# EPA X-82907801-0. Washington, DC: United States Environmental Protection Agency. Prepared for: USEPA, Office of Water-Water Permits Division., USA.

Prigiobbe, V. and M. Giulianelli. 2011. Quantification of sewer leakage by a continuous tracer method. Water Science and Technology. 64(1): 132-140.

Rieckerman. J. 2009. How tight is our sewer system? EAWAG News 57. (Germany)

Ruzicka, K., M. Zessner, A. Blaschke, R. Fenz, M. Clara and H. Kroiss. 2011. Evaluation of the success of sewer reconstruction by using carbamazepine as an anthropogenic marker in groundwater. Water Science and Technology. 63(4): 727.

Sauer, E. P., VandeWalle, J. L., Bootsma, M. J., and McLellan, S. L. 2011. Detection of the human specific Bacteroides genetic marker provides evidence of widespread sewage contamination of stormwater in the urban environment. Water research, 45(14), 4081-4091.

Schueler, Tom, C. Lane and B. Stack. 2014. Recommendations of the Expert Panel to Define Removal Rates for the Elimination of Discovered Nutrient Discharges from Grey Infrastructure. Chesapeake Stormwater Network, Ellicott City, MD.

Schulz, N. and P. Krebs. 2004. Environmental Impacts of rehabilitation. Deliverable 9.European Commission.EVK1-CT-2002-00106. Dresden, Germany

Sercu, B., Werfhorst, L. C. V. D., Murray, J., and Holden, P. A. 2008. Storm drains are sources of human fecal pollution during dry weather in three urban southern California watersheds. Environmental science & technology, 43(2), 293-298.

Sercu, B., Van De Werfhorst, L. C., Murray, J. L., and Holden, P. A. 2011. Sewage exfiltration as a source of storm drain contamination during dry weather in urban watersheds. Environmental science & technology, 45(17), 7151-7157.

Shergill, S. S., and Pitt, R. 2004. Quantification of Escherichia coli and enterococci levels in wet weather and dry weather flows. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2004(10), 746-774.

Skinner, J. F., Guzman, J., and Kappeler, J. 2010. Regrowth of Enterococci and fecal coliform in biofilm. Stormwater July–August.

Stein, E. D., and Ackerman, D. 2007. Dry Weather Water Quality Loadings in Arid, Urban Watersheds of the Los Angeles Basin, California, USA. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 43(2), 398-413.

Tuomari, D. C., and Thompson, S. 2004. Sherlocks of Stormwater Effective Investigation Techniques for Illicit Connection And Discharge Detection. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 2004(16), 1252-1259.

US Environmental Protection Agency.1983a. Methods for chemical analysis of water and wastes. 6004-79-030. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency.

U.S. EPA. 2004. Report to Congress: Impacts and Control of CSOs and SSOs. Washington, D.C. EPA 833-R-04-001

Vallabhaneni, S. and S. Miles. 2008. SSO control: guidance on methodologies and tools for predicting rainfall derived infiltration and inflow.
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